VIVES, Juan Luis

(1492-1540)
An important sixteenth-century humanist, the Spanish philosopher, scholar, and social reformer Juan Luis Vives also broke new ground in education and philosophy. Born in Valencia, Vives left Spain in 1509 because of the Inqui­sition. From 1509 to 1514 he lived in Paris and studied at Montaigu College. Here Vives learned about Renaissance humanism and its rejection of medieval Scholasticism, a subject he addresses in Adversus pseudodialecticos (Against the Pseudodialecticians, 1519).
Never returning to Spain, Vives moved to Bruges and became a tutor of Guillaume de Croy in 1517. As professor of humanities at Louvain by 1519, Vives met Desiderius Erasmus* and joined his international humanist circle. At Erasmus's behest, Vives published, in 1522, his commentary on Augustine's City of God, which criticized clergy and friars and perhaps unintentionally aided in promoting ideas central to the Reformation. Because Vives dedicated his commentary to Henry VIII,* he was invited to teach at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, where he lectured on philosophy. He also became court counsellor and secretary to Henry's Valencia-born queen Catherine of Aragon. Although he never tutored Henry and Catherine's daughter Mary,* Vives guided her parents about her education. In England, Vives met Thomas More,* involved himself in More's humanist circle, grew disinterested in theological reform, and became more interested in educational, social, and legal change. He spent summers in England and winters in Bruges until, in 1527, he lost Henry's favor when he opposed Henry's divorce and was impris­oned for six weeks. Henceforth he remained in Bruges and devoted himself to writing.
Vives was skilled in Latin, and his dialogues in Exercitatio linguae Latinae (School dialogues in Latin, 1538) were utilized in schools throughout Europe; his De tradendis disciplinis (The Transmission of Knowledge, 1531) argued for reforming the curriculum at all levels; and his De institutione feminae Christianae (On the Instruction of a Christian Woman, 1523) advocated expanding the scope of women's education. De subventione pauperum (Concerning the Relief of the Poor, 1526) explored ways to relieve the poor financed by secular au­thority, and Aedes legum (The Temple of the Law, 1519) mocked jargon used in legislation. Although he warned rulers to beware of Turkish aggression, Vives denounced the wars dividing Europe. In De anima et vita (The Soul and Life, 1538), he examined emotions and connected their control to order and peace. He also wrote De veritate fidei (The True Faith), an apology for Christianity (posthumously published in 1543). The issues Vives championed—rejecting Scholasticism, reforming education, relieving poverty, attaining world peace, and exploring human psychology and ways of learning, among others—all mark his place as a Renaissance humanist who influenced not only his times but ours as well.
Bibliography
C. G. Norena, Juan Luis Vives, 1970.
Al Geritz

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vives, Juan Luis — • Article on his life and works, by Paul Lejay Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Vives, Juan Luis — (1492 1540)    Spanish humanist, born into a family of conversos. He was educated in his native city of Valencia and then at the University of Paris (1509 1512), where he disliked the traditional scholastic curriculum and eventually left without… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Vives, Juan Luis — ▪ Spanish humanist born March 6, 1492, Valencia, Aragon died May 6, 1540, Bruges  Spanish Humanist and student of Erasmus, eminent in education, philosophy, and psychology, who strongly opposed Scholasticism and emphasized induction as a method… …   Universalium

  • Vives, Juan Luis — See Renaissance philosophy outside Italy …   History of philosophy

  • Вивес Хуан Луис / Vives, Juan Luis — (1492 1540). Вивес навсегда останется в истории как предтеча современной психологии. Он призывал собирать крупицы истины индуктивным, а не дедуктивным путем, избегая умозрительных построений …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Juan Luis Vives — (Statue in Madrid, P. Carbonell) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Juan Luís Vives — Juan Luis Vives (Statue in Madrid, P. Carbonell). Juan Luis Vives (katalanisch Joan Lluís Vives, deutsch Johannes Ludwig Vives, lat. Ioannes Lodovicus Vives) (* 6. März 1492 in Valencia; † 6. Mai 1540 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Juan Luis Vives —     Juan Luis Vives     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Juan Luis Vives     Spanish humanist and philosopher, b. at Valencia, 6 March, 1492; d. at Bruges, 6 May, 1540. Through fear of the rigours of the Inquisition he left his country forever in 1509.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Juan Luis Vives — Estatua de Luis Vives en el pórtico de la Biblioteca Nacional de España. Juan Luis Vives, en latín Ioannes Ludovicus Vives (Valencia, 6 de marzo de 1492 Brujas, 6 de mayo de 1540), fue un humanista, filósofo y pedagogo catal …   Wikipedia Español

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